Chronology (October 22, 1862 - June 18, 1863)
Soldier's Record, Town of Chicopee
distance of thirty two miles, in twenty four hours. October 22nd they marched back to Cherry Run Ford, on the 25th and 26th to Downsville, and on the 30th and 31st to Berlin, Maryland. November 2nd, they crossed the Potomac at the last-named place into Virginia, and arrived November 8th at New Baltimore five miles from Warrenton. November 16th they marched from New Baltimore, and arrived on the 18th at the camp two miles from Stafford Court House.
December 11th the Tenth crossed the Rappahannock at sundown, two miles below Fredericksburg. This regiment with four others held the south bank of the river till daylight on the next morning when other forces were sent across, and took the front line. The regiment was not actively engaged in the battle, but was under the severe artillery fire of the enemy, sustaining but slight loss. The morning of the 15th found them in the front line of battle, but the fight was not renewed that day, and the darkness of the following night covered the retreat of the army, the Tenth being the last to recross the river. December 18th, went into camp about two miles from Falmouth.
January 20th, 1863, broke camp and marched to Briar Church. Next day, advanced nearly to the river. January 22nd, a heavy rain defeated the object of the campaign, and the night of the 23rd found the regiment again in camp. April 28th, moved down to the river. May 2nd, crossed the river, and about three o'clock on the morning of the 3rd entered Fredericksburg by the rear. The rebels were surprised and fled to their fortifications on the hills where they opened their artillery. The regiment, with several others, was sent off on a detour to the right of the city, to draw the attention of the enemy from the intended point of attack. As soon as the regiment had left the shelter of the houses, they were exposed for a mile to a terrible storm of shot and shell; but the brave heroes stood up nobly, marching on in perfect order. After the heights were carried, the regiment joined the brigade, and advanced to Salem Heights, where the enemy had taken position. The battle commenced about the middle of the afternoon, and the Tenth was engaged over two hours, receiving from Gen. Newton, Com'd'g the Division, high praise for coolness and efficiency. ___May 4th, the Union forces were compelled to retreat across the river at United States Ford. Next day, the Tenth bivouacked near the river, and on the 8th went into camp near the one occupied all winter.
June 6th, found the regiment again on the banks of the Rappahannock. Night of the 7th, crossed and worked all night throwing up earthworks, returning at daylight next morning. On the 10th, again crossed the river and relieved the skirmish line. June 11th, went into line of battle, remaining till night of the 13th, when the south bank of the river was evacuated. June 14th marched to Stafford Court House. _ June 15th, to Dumfries. __ June 16th, to Fairfax Station. June 18th, to Fairfax Court House.